24 Chinese Feasts (Jiéqì, 节气), equivalent to the 24 Chinese Solar Terms: Year 2013

0. Enter Gregorian year in [-20800,26800] :
Year, 1918 for example
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No.ChineseJapaneseEnglishFrenchSun°Beijing Time
22冬至 (Dōngzhì) Tōji Winter Solstice Solstice d'Hiver 270° Friday, December 21, 2012 19:11:15
23小寒 (Xiǎohán) Shōkan Slight Cold Petit Froid 285° Saturday, January 5, 2013 12:33:10
24大寒 (Dàhán) Taikan Great Cold Grand Froid 300° Sunday, January 20, 2013 05:51:19
1立春 (Lìchūn) Risshun Beginning of Spring Début du Printemps 315° Monday, February 4, 2013 00:12:45
Chinese New Year : Sunday, February 10, 2013
2雨水 (Yǔshuǐ) Usui Rain Water Pluies et Eaux 330° Monday, February 18, 2013 20:00:57
3惊蛰 (Jīngzhí) Kēchitsu Waking of Insects Activation des Insectes 345° Tuesday, March 5, 2013 18:14:05
4春分 (Chūnfēn) Shunbun Spring Equinox Equinoxe du Printemps Wednesday, March 20, 2013 19:01:16
5清明 (Qīngmíng) Sēmē Pure Brightness Lumière Pure 15° Thursday, April 4, 2013 23:01:56
6谷雨 (Gǔyǔ) Kokuu Grain Rain Graines et Pluies 30° Saturday, April 20, 2013 06:02:55
7立夏 (Lìxià) Rikka Beginning of Summer Début de l'Eté 45° Sunday, May 5, 2013 16:17:53
8小满 (Xiǎomǎn) Shōman Grain Full Petit Remplissement 60° Tuesday, May 21, 2013 05:09:12
9芒种 (Mángzhòng) Bōshu Grain in Ear Semence 75° Wednesday, June 5, 2013 20:22:56
10夏至 (Xiàzhì) Geshi Summer Solstice Solstice d'Eté 90° Friday, June 21, 2013 13:03:25
11小暑 (Xiǎoshǔ) Shōsho Slight Heat Petite Chaleur 105° Sunday, July 7, 2013 06:34:00
12大暑 (Dàshǔ) Taisho Great Heat Grande Chaleur 120° Monday, July 22, 2013 23:55:18
13立秋 (Lìqiū) Risshū Beginning of Autumn Début de l'Automne 135° Wednesday, August 7, 2013 16:19:41
14处暑 (Chǔshǔ) Shosho Limit of Heat Limite de Chaleur 150° Friday, August 23, 2013 07:00:55
15白露 (Báilù) Hakuro White Dew Rosée Blanche 165° Saturday, September 7, 2013 19:15:36
16秋分 (Qiūfēn) Shūbun Autumnal Equinox Equinoxe de l'Automne 180° Monday, September 23, 2013 04:43:27
17寒露 (Hánlù) Kanro Cold Dew Rosée Froide 195° Tuesday, October 8, 2013 10:57:59
18霜降 (Shuāngjiàng) Sōkō Descent of Frost Tombée de Givre 210° Wednesday, October 23, 2013 14:09:17
19立冬 (Lìdōng) Rittō Beginning of Winter Début de l'Hiver 225° Thursday, November 7, 2013 14:13:32
20小雪 (Xiǎoxuě) Shōsetsu Slight Snow Petite Neige 240° Friday, November 22, 2013 11:47:40
21大雪 (Dàxuě) Taisetsu Great Snow Grande Neige 255° Saturday, December 7, 2013 07:08:17
22冬至 (Dōngzhì) Tōji Winter Solstice Solstice d'Hiver 270° Sunday, December 22, 2013 01:10:35
23小寒 (Xiǎohán) Shōkan Slight Cold Petit Froid 285° Sunday, January 5, 2014 18:23:48
24大寒 (Dàhán) Taikan Great Cold Grand Froid 300° Monday, January 20, 2014 11:50:39
Chinese New Year : Friday, January 31, 2014
1立春 (Lìchūn) Risshun Beginning of Spring Début du Printemps 315° Tuesday, February 4, 2014 06:02:35
Amusing: Calculate the 24 Chinese Solar Terms of a Country/Territory Amusing: Calculate the 24 Chinese Solar Terms of a Country/Territory

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Here is the 24 Chinese Feasts (Jiéqì, 节气), equivalent to the 24 Chinese Solar Terms for the year 2013.

If you want also the dates of these Chinese feasts on the Chinese Lunar Calendar, here is the link (a slow process) : Detail

Know more about the Chinese Calendar...

What is the Chinese Lunar Calendar ?

The Chinese Calendar is a solilunar calendar. It integrates as well the revolution of the Earth around the Sun as the movement of the Moon around the Earth.

A month begins at the day of the new moon (invisible Moon) and ends at the day before the next new moon. The full moon is either on 15 or 16 of the month.

A Chinese year can have 12 or 13 lunar months, that correspond to the nomber of new moons between two successive winter solstices. The year is appelé leap year if there are 13 months in the year.

If a Chinese year always starts on the 1st month 1, the date marking the beginning of the Chinese New Year in the Gregorian calendar is variable between January and March according to relative position of the Sun - Moon.

Here is the Chinese Calendar of my maternal grand father.

Year in the Chinese Lunar Calendar

A Chinese Year (Suì, 岁) is composed of 4 seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter, and sub-divised in 24 Chinese Feasts, equivalent to the 24 Chinese Solar Terms of a Chinese Year. The major solar terms Zhōngqì (中气) are given in boldface, while the minor solar terms Jiéqì (节气) are given in lightface.
As these solar terms are only events of the Sun, no lunar event related feasts, such as Chinese New Year which is the day of the first new Moon (day 1 of month 1 of a Chinese lunar year), Dragon Feast (day 5 of month 5 of a Chinese lunar year), are in the list.

Since the creation of the People's Republic of China on October 1st 1949 by the President MAO Zedong (Mao Tsetong), China has officially adopted the Gregorian calendar, or the solar calendar for the administration purpose. Nevertheless, the Chinese People keep their traditional feasts fixed on the dates of the Chinese Lunar Calendar. These feasts are very vivid today such as the Spring Festivities, symbol of the arrival of the Chinese New Year.

The Spring Festival takes place always on the first day of the first month on the Chinese Lunar Calendar. But the date on the solar calendar varies with the year. Il is always on January or February of the current year on the solar calendar, but its date can be obtained only by a very complex calculation of the dual movement of the Earth and of the Moon.

In the Ancient Chinese History of 24 dynasties, the time has neither beginning, nor ending. Each dynasty hopes an infinite reign on time and each emperor starts counting by his first year of reign as year 1. For example, the Emperor KangXi of the Qing Dynasty counts his reign by KangXi year 1, KangXi year 2, KangXi year 3, ...

Nowadays, the Chinese have officially the Gregorian year. This is to say, the year 2014 for this year. But as the Yellow Emperor (Huangdi) is considered as the Creator of the Chinese Nation, the population count also as Huangdi 4712 for this year.

To know more about chinese feasts of the 4 seasons related to the chinese calendar, the chinese lunar calendar of my grand father would be a precious help.


Give us feedback (3)

Visitors Contributed Notes | Please Join us in the Forum! | Directory+ | Add URL
3. Visitor *.*.72.* - 2013-07-17 16:27:24
Mer ci
2. n28 n28 - 2013-06-08 11:35:22
Bonjour, les fêtes sont une approche au jour près, pour l'instant l'heure est ignorée dans les calculs. Bonne journée.
1. Visitor *.*.154.* - 2013-06-08 10:13:47
quel es l heure exacte au 21 juin du soltice d ete en sicile

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