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Created 2011-09-26 12:10:28
Updated 2012-12-24 11:41:15
Posted by Dr WANG, 王先生

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Chinese Currencies

In the classical world, each country has a national currency. It's not only tool to control the national economy, but also the exression of its sovereignty, often symbol of the power in place and that of the time.

In the modern world, countries are gradually abandoning this privilege to adopt a single currency, Europe is in this way: the Euro has replaced the French Franc, German Deutch Mark, Spanish Peseta, Italian Lira, etc. ...

One day the Chinese will abandon the Yuan, the U.S. Dollar, European Euro, Japanese Yen, the Algerians Dinar to adopt the Mondo (世元 Shì Yuán, 世界元)? We'll probably not see it in our lifetime.

But we have already taken a big step toward that future, the currencies are convertible: in effect whatsoever between the Yuan and Dollar or the Euro and Yen, Dinar and Ruble, according to a conversion rate more or less variable, depending on the power of the countries concerned. This means that the money in the world have the same color and same flavor ...

The Chinese currency has undergone a significant evolution to result in current Yuan. Since millennia, the Emperors have wrought all their money in Precious metal printing their names in the dynasty. In Last Dynasty Qing 清朝, for example, money is Bronze Round with a square hole in the middle, also called TóngQián 铜钱, Copper money. We see the importance of money, everything was symolic: circle is a representation of Heaven in the imagination of the Chinese, and Square Earth. As Heaven surrounds the Earth, so the round contains the square, the universe is so complete and perfect. One assigns the magical powers to the metal currency, in Feng Shui, it's able to ward off evil minds. Here is a Summary table of Emperor - Imperial Chinese Currency:

Emperor and Chinese Imperial Currency
No.EmperorPhoneticEpoqueImperial PritingForm
0顺治Shun Zhi1644-1661顺治通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
1康熙Kang Xi1661-1722康熙通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
2雍正Yong Zheng1723-1735雍正通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
3乾隆Qian Long1736-1796乾隆通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
4嘉庆Jia Qing1796-1820嘉庆通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
5道光Dao Guang1820-1850道光通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
6咸丰Xian Feng1850-1861咸丰通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
7同治Tong Zhi1862-1874同治通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
8光绪Guang Xu1875-1908光绪通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
9宣统Xuan Tong1909-1911宣统通宝Bronze with Round Square Hole
10民国Republc of China1911-1949国币Rectangular Paper
11中华人民共和国People's Republc of China1949-∞人民币Rectangular Paper

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