Subnet Calculator

Created: Monday, August 06, 2012 23:32:00
Updated: Tuesday, September 17, 2019 00:01:43

PHP Subnet Calculator. Enter an IP/Mask as follows: 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0 please.
 
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Use IP & CIDR Netmask:10.0.0.1/22
Or IP & Netmask:10.0.0.1 255.255.252.0
Or IP & Wildcard Mask:10.0.0.1 0.0.3.255
The apache2 web server confronts dayly to the massive automatic attacks from some geographical zones of which the IP intervals are known and fixed by the 5 RIRRegional Internet Registry: AFRINIC, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC.s in the World, which consumes uselessly your bandwidth, and worse block the human visitors from loading your page, we can do it simply with the following directive in the configuration file like /etc/apache2/apache2.conf:
<Location />
  Deny from 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0.
</Location>
We have specified here the forbidden subnet addresses by the couple IP/IP-Mask. The IP mask can be given in two ways. The first is like 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0 for a subnet of class C, prohibiting the following machines: 192.168.1.1 - 192.168.1.255. The second way is to use the sum of high-bits of the IP mask, 192.168.1.1/24. Effectivelt the IP mask 255.255.255.0 in binary form is as follows: 11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000, which includes exactly 24 non-zero high-bits (the most left bytes). The above directive is so equivalent to this one:
<Location />
  Deny from 192.168.1.0/24
</Location>
.
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Réf. PHP Subnet Calculator

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